All forex trades involve the simultaneous purchase of one currency and the sale of another, but the currency pair itself can be thought of as a single unit—an instrument that is bought or sold. When you buy a currency pair from a forex broker, you buy the base currency and sell the quote currency. Conversely, when you sell the currency pair, you sell the base currency and receive the quote currency. A currency pair is the quotation of two different currencies, with the value of one currency being quoted against the other. The first listed currency of a currency pair is called the base currency, and the second currency is called the quote currency. When deciding which currencies to trade and which one to choose as base and quote currencies, you should take into account a number of factors.

In foreign exchange trading, currencies are not treated as singular entities but are always part of a pair. We introduce people to the world of trading currencies, both fiat and crypto, through our non-drowsy educational why is bp stock so low content and tools. We’re also a community of traders that support each other on our daily trading journey. The second part of the currency quotation is called the quote currency or the counter currency.

An exchange rate attached to a currency pair indicates how much of the quote currency is needed to buy a single unit of the aforementioned base currency. If you’re interested in putting your understanding of base currency to the test, consider trading on, a leading Forex CFD trading platform. It offers a range of tools, charts, and resources to help both novice and experienced traders make informed decisions.

Thomas J Catalano is a CFP and Registered Investment Adviser with the state of South Carolina, where he launched his own financial advisory firm in 2018. Thomas’ experience gives him expertise in a variety of areas including investments, retirement, insurance, and financial planning. IG accepts no responsibility for any use that may be made of these comments and for any consequences that result.

  1. Base currencies represent how much of a quote currency you need to buy a single unit of the base currency.
  2. One of the primary functions is to provide money and bank reserves.
  3. When you buy a currency pair from a forex broker, you buy the base currency and sell the quote currency.
  4. Conversely, when you sell the currency pair, you sell the base currency and receive the quote currency.
  5. However, this currency is penalized by a European economy plagued by frequent crises, a high unemployment rate, a weak growth rate, and poor budgetary management.
  6. This information is provided for informative purposes only and should not be construed to be investment advice.”

The bid price is the price that the forex broker will buy the base currency from you in exchange for the quote or counter currency. The ask—also called the offer—is the price that the broker will sell you the base currency in exchange for the quote or counter currency. Leveraged trading in foreign currency or off-exchange products on margin carries significant risk and may not be suitable for all investors. We advise you to carefully consider whether trading is appropriate for you based on your personal circumstances.

In a direct quote, the local currency is thus always the quote currency. The direct quote in the United States for this pair might look like 1.2, indicating that 1 Euro can be exchanged for 1.2 U.S. Here, the base currency (Euro) serves as the standard against which the quote currency (U.S. Dollar) is measured.

What Are Currency Pairs? Base And Quote Currency. Examples

It also enables the conversion of currencies for international trade and investment. The forex market is open 24 hours a day, five days a week (including most holidays), and sees a huge amount of trading volume. The term base currency refers to the first currency that appears in a currency pair.

Why is understanding the Base Currency important for traders?

Different currencies are identified by their ISO codes – internationally recognized unique three-letter symbols (eg. EUR for the euro, USD for the US dollar). The euro currency originated because of the Maastricht Treaty in 1992 and was introduced as an accounting currency in 1999. The euro began circulating in countries of the European Union on Jan. 2002 and, over the years, replaced the currencies of most member nations. The euro has become the second most active currency in the world behind the U.S. dollar and the EUR/USD pair sees the most trading in the world of currency pairs trading. In forex trading, the base currency is used to calculate profits and losses.

Major currencies like EUR, USD, GBP, CHF, and JPY are among the most traded ones and therefore offer high liquidity and tight spreads. It’s best to trade major and minor pairs to save fees on spreads. This only makes sense when comparing one currency with another.

What Is the Difference Between the M1 and M2 Money Supplies?

If, for example, the base currency is the Australian dollar, and the quote currency is the Canadian dollar, this is AUDCAD cross-rate. The so-called cross-rates are divided into “major crosses” and “minor crosses” according to their liquidity in the financial markets. You agree that LearnFX is not responsible for any losses or damages you may incur as a result of any action you may take regarding the information contained on this website.

Exchange rate property on deals

If the value of the USD increases, it will take fewer francs to buy one dollar. You can update your HubSpot account to use your company’s primary currency. Forex (or FX) stands for Foreign Exchange, which is the “place” where currencies are traded. In this market, exchanging one currency for another is called currency trading, which is always done in … Currency pairs are characterized by their bid and ask (offer) prices.

If your account has multiple currencies, each user can select a currency to view these amounts in their preferred currency instead. Exinity Limited is a member of Financial Commission, an international organization engaged in a resolution of disputes within the financial services industry in the Forex market. You can check out the full list of cryptocurrencies traded on all the major exchanges in the TabTrader app.

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